Boğazkere is a red wine grape variety that originated in the southern region of Turkey. The literal translation of the name means “burning throat”. It is often blended with the Öküzgözü grape because wines made from this grape are very strong bodied. They age well and are known for their very dark red, almost blue color. Boğazkere wine has strong aromas of dried red fruits and spices.
Branchetto is an Italian red wine grape that is primarily grown in the Piedmonte region. It is used to make light, sweet wines with flavors reminiscent of strawberries. They are seldom seen outside of Italy, where they are usually drunk young and severed chilled. Branchetto was once thought to be the same as the French grape Braquet but they are now considered two distinct varieties.
Bobal is a dark skinned grape variety native to Spain. It comprises 90% of the wine vines in the Utiel-Requena DO. It has been documented there as early as the 15th century. Bobal can also be found in small amounts in other regions of Spain, Rosellón in France, and Sardinia in Italy. Wines produced from this grape tend to be fruity with low alcohol content and high acidity. It is generally resistant to temperature extremes and grows so vigorously that it requires severe pruning.
Blauberger is a red wine grape variety that is grown in Austria and Hungary. It is a hybrid of Portugieser and Blaufränkisch that was created in 1923 by Dr. Fritz Zweigelt at the Federal Institute for Viticulture and Pomology at Klosterneuburg, Austria. It usually used for blending purposes because it gives wine intense color and adds some berry fruit on the palate. Blauburger generally gives good yields and is known to be resistant to Botrytis cinerea, but it can susceptible to mildew.
Black Muscat is a red wine grape that is a cross between Schiava Grossa and Muscat of Alexandria. Although it originated in Germany, it is most commonly grown in California, Virginia, Oregon, Texas, Washington, and Vancouver Island. In the US it is sometimes called Black Hamburg. Black Muscat is usually used to make table wine but can also be used to make aromatic dessert wines with rich coloring. In Eastern Europe it is used to make light, dry wine.
Alvarelhão, also known as Brancelho, is a red skinned grape varietal that is grown in northern Portugal. It used to produce red wines, rosés and in port wine blends. Being primarily grown in the rugged region of Dão, this grape is known for being hardy and resistant to extremes in weather. Alvarelhão can also be found in the Douro as well as California’s Central Valley.
Agiorgitiko is a grape variety that is native to the Nemea region of Greece. It is heat resistant but can be prone to several viruses. The characteristics of the red wines produced from this grape can very, depending on the growing and winemaking process. They typically have notes of spicy plum and tend to have low acidity. It is typically made in a varietal style but is sometimes blended with Cabernet Sauvignon to make the table wine Katoi.
Alicante Bouschet is a red grape that is a cross between Petit Bouschet and Grenache. It was first cultivated in France in 1866. Its aromas include red currants, spices and leather. Its thick skin that makes it resistant to rot during transportation. This led to it being widely planted in California during prohibition. It is an important variety in southeastern Spain where it is know as Garnacha Tintorera.
Alicante Ganzin is a French grape variety with red flesh. Bred by crossing Alicante Bouschet and a clone of Aramon, it is unusual in that both the skin and the flesh are red in color. This allows winemakers to produce light red and rose colored wine without maceration. It was crossed with Tinta Cão to produce Rubired, a red fleshed variety that is often used as a coloring agent in red wine blends.
Blauer Portugieser is a black grape variety that is grown primarily in Austria and Germany. It can also be found in Hungary, Romania, Croatia and south west France. It is the third most planted grape variety in Austria. Blauer Portugieser is relatively easy to grow because it has a high level of resistance to disease. It has very large yields which can magnify its low acidity levels, resulting in dull wines.